4 Long Term Effects of Obesity



Obesity is a medical condition that involves the accumulation of excess fat in the body. This can affect a person’s health immensely. Apart from its short term effects like shortness of breath, increased joint aches and pains, difficulty standing and walking, obesity also has a number of long-term consequences.

Being obese greatly puts your health in danger and increases your risk of developing even more severe medical conditions. Here are 4 long-term effects of obesity, which should provoke you to stand up and fight against obesity:

1. Coronary Heart Disease

Coronary heart disease

Coronary heart disease is a serious heart condition that occurs when a waxy substance called plaque builds up inside the coronary arteries (the arteries that carry oxygenated blood from the lungs to the heart).

The presence of this build up in the arteries causes a blockage, thereby reducing blood flow into the heart muscle. This in turn can lead to a heart attack.

Obesity greatly increases the risk of this condition, and leaves you vulnerable to many more severe life-threatening conditions.

2. High blood pressure

High blood pressure

Blood pressure is the force by which the blood flows through the blood vessels. When the blood flows through the vessels at a higher level than normal, this disease is called high blood pressure or hypertension and can seriously damage the body’s health in so many ways.

The normal blood pressure for every adult should be 120/80 mg; anything above this is not normal and you will need to see a doctor immediately. Sometimes a person’s blood pressure can increase if he’s doing a certain activity, for example, exercising. However, the blood pressure is meant to return back to normal immediately the activity stops. Obesity severely increases your chances of facing this condition.

3. Stroke


Stroke happens when there’s a shortage of blood supply to any part of the brain. So anything that tampers with the body’s blood flow, directly has an influence on stroke.

Obesity often leads to a build-up of plaque in the arteries, this tampers with the blood flow and oxygen supply to the brain, which in turn leads to stroke. Research has shown that obesity literally doubles the risk of stroke.

4. Type 2 diabetes

Type 2 diabetes

Diabetes is a disease that occurs due to the high blood glucose level in the blood. The body usually breaks food down into glucose and then carries it into the body cells. A hormone called insulin is secreted to help turn the glucose into energy.

In type 2 diabetes, what happens is that the body’s cell’s don’t make proper use of the insulin, so the body reacts by making more insulin, but as time goes on, the body won’t be able to secrete enough insulin to control its blood glucose level.

This disease is a leading cause of early death and obesity greatly increases your chances of having this disease. From research it has been discovered that most people who have type 2 diabetes are overweight.


Obesity is a severe medical condition and must be taken seriously. Apart from these conditions, being overweight can lead to several severe medical conditions. Start the fight against obesity today by watching what you eat, having enough rest and maintaining total control of your stress levels.

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