6 Different Heart Diseases You Should Know

The heart is often affected by different complications, and can be termed heart diseases or cardiovascular diseases (CVD). Unfortunately, heart diseases happen to be a major risk of death in our world today. There are different types of CVD and a very common one is the Coronary Artery Disease (CAD). Asides coronary artery disease, there are however, lots more that you probably never knew of.

Below are 6 heart diseases that you should know.

1. Coronary Artery Disease (CAD)

Coronary artery disease, also known as ischemic heart disease (IHD), happens to be the most common type of heart diseases and has so far been considered a major leading cause of death. This disease occurs when the blood vessel that supplies the heart, otherwise known as coronary artery, is damaged. The damage could be as a result of inflammation or the building of fats on the walls of the artery. It is often associated with chest pain (angina), shortness of breath (apnea), discomfort, weakness, and many more. CAD can also be called a silent killer because it’s likely not to show any symptom for decades until the individual eventually have a heart attack.

2. Rheumatic Heart Disease (RHD)

Rheumatic heart disease results from Rheumatic fever, which is a very common sickness in children in underdeveloped countries, or locations stricken in poverty. It causes damage to the heart valves and ends up weakening the muscles that surrounds the heart. As a result of this, the heart is forced to work harder in pumping blood, which would increase the individual’s blood pressure and can eventually lead to heart failure

3. Inflammatory Heart Disease (IHD)

In inflammatory heart disease, there is inflammation of the muscles of the heart (myocardium), the sac that covers the heart (pericardium), and the inner lining of the heart (endocarditis). It is often caused by toxic substances that attacks the heart or viral infections like: HIV, Hepatitis C, Coxsackie B virus, Cytomegalovirus, etc.

4. Hypertensive Heart Disease (HHD)

Hypertensive heart disease is the first dangerous risk of high blood pressure. It is caused by certain infections on some organs in the body and also associated with some other cardiovascular diseases. This condition, however, may eventually lead to death sooner than you think.

5. Cerebrovascular Disease (CBVD)

Cerebrovascular disease is a condition that pertains to the blood vessels connected to the brain and thereby affects blood circulation in the brain. It is often associated with stroke and vascular dementia (an impairment in mental ability).

6. Heart Failure (HF)

Heart failure, also known as congestive heart failure (CHF), occurs when there’s a weakening of the heart muscle, leading to an ineffective blood circulation in the heart. The lack of adequate blood supply deprives the heart of blood and oxygen when it most needs it. This condition is associated with all kinds of cardiovascular diseases and results to death.



The heart is responsible for blood supply to the body, and damage to it can affect how the body works, and can also lead to death. However, there are preventive measures, like working out, avoiding too much fatty foods, staying away from alcohol, cigarettes, and hard drugs, checking your blood pressure constantly, and eating healthy meals

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