Sports

Common Sport Injuries You Should Know About

Regular exercise or participating in sports is important for a healthy lifestyle. However, it can sometimes result in injuries. This is mainly caused by poor exercising methods, not stretching or warming up properly prior to a workout or game, poor postural habits that over exert certain muscles,  over exertion of the muscles or accidents. There are two types of sport injuries; acute and chronic injury. Acute injuries occur suddenly for example an ankle sprain as a result of an awkward landing. Chronic injuries are a result of prolonged over-exertion of muscles, poor structural habits or poor technique. They happen overtime for example, stress fractures. Everyone is prone to being injured during workouts and sports, amateurs and professionals, alike. Here are some common sports injuries you need to watch out for.

Sports

Muscle strains

These are very common especially with frequent cardio workouts. it can include any muscle in the body that is being overused, could be the tendons, ligaments, hamstrings, abdominals, biceps etc. This is a chronic injury because it is usually as a result of muscle over-exertion, so people who push themselves beyond their fitness levels are more prone to get them.

Concussions

These are quite common in sports like American football where colision and force are used. These could lead to traumatic impact and translate to a concussion. Concussions can be mild or very serious. Symptons of concussions include blurry vision, dizziness, headache, nausea etc.

Disjointment

This is very painful and quite common in workouts and sports. It can be caused by lots of factors, like poor structural habits which overwork certain muscles and cause muscle unalignment which leads to disjointment in the long run. Another factor is poor technique which can lead to awkward landings etc.

Dehydration

This occurs when you lose so much bodily fluid that it disrupts your metabolic process. It can be mild, moderate and severe depending on the amount of fluid lost. Most people undermine the importance of drinking water during exercise which is what makes this a common injury. It is mostly caused by over-exertion. Severe dehydration can lead to unconciousness and mild or moderate one lead to headaches, dizziness, loss of strength etc.

Groin strain

This is mostly common in sports like hockey, football, basketball and football where directions of runnng change suddenly. Symptoms include acute pain or swelling. They can be prevented by stretching properly prior to the game or workout.

Archiles tendillitis

This is mostly common among runners and people who participate in sports that involve lots of running or jumping like football, basketball and gymnastics. It is when the tendons at the back of the ankles connecting the calf muscles to the back of the heel are over-worked. Symptoms include sharp pain at the tendons, swelling and sometimes even bruises. It can be prevented by stretching and strenghting the calf muscles.

Conclusion

Injuries are common but also easily avoidable. Just as long as you take the necessary precautions to prevent them. Make sure you have the proper technique, don’t over-exert yourself, use the necessary equipment for the sport for eg proper running shoes, etc

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