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How Excess Carbohydrate Consumption Leads to Diabetes

Majority have asked the question ”Is it true that eating too many carbohydrates can cause diabetes?”.

First of all let’s do a quick summary of what carbohydrates do to the body.
Carbohydrates are one of the main types of nutrients. They are the most important source of energy for your body. Your digestive system changes carbohydrates into glucose (blood sugar). Your body uses this sugar for energy for your cells, tissues and organs. It stores any extra sugar in your liver and muscles for when it is needed.
The primary function of carbohydrates is to provide energy for the body, especially the brain and the nervous system. An enzyme called amylase helps break down carbohydrates into glucose (blood sugar), which gives your body energy.

Now let’s also do a brief summary on diabetes,
Diabetes, often referred to by doctors as diabetes mellitus, is a long-term condition that causes high blood sugar level either because insulin production is inadequate, or because the body’s cells do not respond properly to insulin, or both. Patients with high blood sugar will typically experience frequent urination, they will become increasingly thirsty and hungry.

There are basically two types of diabetes

Type 1 diabetes

The body does not produce insulin. Patients with type 1 diabetes will need to take insulin injections for the rest of their life. They must also ensure proper blood-glucose levels by carrying out regular blood tests and following a special diet.

Types 2 diabetes

The cells in the body do not react to insulin. Approximately 90% of all cases of diabetes worldwide are type 2.
Some people may be able to control their type 2 diabetes symptoms by losing weight, following a healthy diet, doing plenty of exercise, and monitoring their blood glucose levels. However, type 2 diabetes is typically a progressive disease – it gradually gets worse – and the patient will probably end up have to take insulin, usually in tablet form.

Controlling Diabetes

Patients with type 1 are treated with regular insulin injections, as well as a special diet and exercise.
Patients with Type 2 diabetes are usually treated with tablets, exercise and a special diet, but sometimes insulin injections are also required.
Now looking at these two will let us know that carbohydrates don’t cause diabetes, however eating too many calories overall (from carbohydrates or other types of food) can lead to diabetes in some people. Here’s what’s going on: Usually when a person eats, her or his blood glucose rises and in response insulin, a hormone secreted by the pancreas, is released.
Insulin helps cells in the body to absorb glucose from the blood to use for energy or store as fat. People with diabetes either don’t produce enough insulin, or their bodies don’t respond to the insulin, or both. As a result, glucose remains in the blood, depriving the body’s cells of energy they need, and causing damage to blood vessels, heart, kidneys, eyes, and feet.
Diabetes can be brought on by a number of factors, including old age, obesity, lack of exercise, or a genetic predisposition. Eating more calories than you expend, whether they’re complex carbohydrates, sugars, fats, or proteins, paired with a lack of exercise and being overweight can increase some people’s chances of developing diabetes. This is especially true if there is history of the disease in the family. The good news is that many people with or at-risk for developing diabetes are able to manage their condition through regular exercise and a healthy diet.
Getting regular physical activity actually helps the body’s cells to properly use insulin. Eating a healthy, balanced diet of fresh whole foods (e.g., grains, veggies, fruits, nuts, legumes) also helps to ensure the proper functioning of glucose and insulin in the body.

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